Prague has excellent public transport which is heavily utilized by residents and travelers alike due to the fact that it is very cheap and very easy to navigate once you have the hang of it.
There are buses, trams and a metro system (with 4 lines) that all operate in tandem to offer anyone within Prague or the suburbs, quick and easy access to the city. All of these 3 transport systems work with the same payment system, in which passengers can purchase tickets that are valid from 30 minutes to 1 year once validated on board or before boarding the tram, bus or metro line.
Prague’s public transport system is one of the best in the world. There is 24-access to some form of transport, with certain lines and certain modes running during the day and others at night. This allows locals and visitors to access the city and all of it’s wonders all day and all night.
To use the public transport in Prague all you need to do is buy a ticket before you board the tram, bus or metro and validate your ticket once on board. This is very important to know as you can enter all of these methods of transport without passing through a traditional turnstile but once on board, if you do not validate the ticket, there is a heavy fine which will be imposed on you immediately by the transit authorities.
Some of the tram and bus lines have recently been equipped with ticket and payment machines on board, meaning that you can enter the bus or tram and pay for a ticket with a debit or credit card directly there but you will still need to validate the ticket once it has been printed by the machine. Any ticket possessed by a traveler which is NOT validated will be seen as a violation of the law and that person will suffer the consequences.
There are yellow ticket vending machines (with English) at all metro stations as well as at most of the tram and bus stops, so there are plenty of places where to buy a ticket for the Prague public transport.
You can also buy tickets at small shops such as Tabák/Trafika stores and newsstands such as Relay, and in tourist information centers or from the ticket windows at all metro stations from a worker.
If you have a working phone with credit on it, you can buy short-term tickets directly via SMS by sending the text message “DPT24” or “DPT32” or “DPT110” or “DPT310” to the number 902 06. You will receive confirmation of the payment within several minutes and this will serve as your proof of purchase should you be asked to show it.
Long-term tickets (30 days, 60 days, 90 days, 6 months or 1 year) are only sold as specific locations including several metro stations and the Prague Public Transit Central Office at Na Bojišti 5, Prague 2 (near the I. P. Pavlova metro station). Please note that these ticket offices at the metro are generally open Monday – Friday from 6 a.m. to 8 p.m. and are closed on national holidays. The only ticket offices that remain open during off-peak hours and holidays are: Prague Airport, Můstek, Anděl, Hlavní nádraží (main train station).
Prices for Metro/Bus/Tram Tickets in Prague’s Public Transportation:
Valid for / Adults / Children 6-14 / Under 6, 70+
30 minutes / 24 CZK / 12 CZK / free
90 minutes / 32 CZK / 16 CZK / free
1-Day Pass / 110 CZK / 55 CZK / free
3-Day Pass / 310 CZK / 310 CZK / free
1-Month Pass / 670 CZK / 670 CZK / free
Public transportation for the rest of the Czech Republic is nearly as good and economical as within Prague. There are long-haul buses to nearly every other city in the country and to many of the smaller towns and villages (although you might need to transfer in between). There is also an extensive train system with local and express lines that also connect a good portion of the country. If you are looking to only use public transportation when you are traveling in the country, you definitely can. Just be sure to have directions ahead of time, as you are less likely to find people along the way who can help you if you don’t speak Czech very well.
Important Information: Prague is located in the Schengen Zone, which is a free-travel zone within the European Union. It includes 26 countries in total. Depending on where you are coming from, you might need to secure a visa for the Schengen Zone before visiting the Czech Republic. Please be sure to consider this fact before making plans to visit Prague so that you do not experience any problems upon arrival. Also be be aware that the Czech Republic uses the Czech Korona (czk) rather than the euro since we are not in the eurozone. We look forward to your visit!